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The DATA statement introduces a new DATA Step by specifying the data set(s) that subsequent DATA Step statements will produce. The DATA statement has a number of alternative variations and a range of options that apply to the output data set can be specified in the statement.
The DATA statement comes in several different forms.
DATA Statement - naming data sets
Data sets that are to be created by the data step are named on the DATA statement.
- DATA <data set name(s)>;
The following DATA statement will create three data sets:
data animals plants minerals;
DATA statement without arguments
The simplest form of the DATA statement is the DATA statement without arguments. The DATA statement without arguments has the form:
- DATA ;
When this form is used the resulting output data set has the name DATAn where n is the smallest (positive) integer that makes the data set name unique.
Null DATA statement
The Null DATA statement is used when a DATA Step is wanted but the output data set is not wanted, because the results of the DATA Step will produce some other effect, such as writing a file, sending an e-mail, writing information to the log or analysing the data set and then saving the result(s) to a macro variable(s). The Null DATA statement has the form:
- DATA _NULL_ ;
See DATA statement reference notes for more information
- Version 9.3 documentation: SAS® 9.3 Statements: Reference
- Version 9.4 documentation: SAS® 9.4 Statements: Reference, Fifth Edition