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Tips:SUM Statement and the Implied SUM Function

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The SUM statement uses an implied SUM function. The SUM statement:

cnt + expression;

has the implied syntax of:

cnt = sum(cnt, expression);

Thus the following will count the observations, even though the summation variable, CNT, has been initialized to missing.

 data new;
    set sashelp.class;
    if _n_=1 then cnt=.;
    cnt+1;
    run;

Submitted by Art Carpenter. Contact me at my Discussion Page.